بايثون

تصميم جرافيك مع بايثون مكتبة Turtle

في Python ، تعد مكتبة Turtle طريقك لتصميم رسومات جرافيك فقط عن طريق الكود البرمجي وتعتبر مكتبة Turtle ذات تاريخ طويل. في هذه المقالة ، سوف آخذك عبر برنامج متقدم لإنشاء Turtle Graphics باستخدام لغة برمجة Python

هل تريد الحصول على المزيد من الأيضاحات عن هذه المكتبة يمكنك زيارة الرابط هذا للدخول على صفحة المكتبة.

مشروع مصمم على مكتبة Turtle

الكود البرمجي Turtle

import turtle as tu

roo = tu.Turtle()  # Turtle object
wn = tu.Screen()  # Screen Object
wn.bgcolor("black")  # Screen Bg color
wn.title("Fractal Tree Pattern")
roo.left(90)  # moving the turtle 90 degrees towards left
roo.speed(20)  # setting the speed of the turtle


def draw(l):  # recursive function taking length 'l' as argument
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:

        roo.pensize(2)  # Setting Pensize
        roo.pencolor("yellow")  # Setting Pencolor as yellow
        roo.forward(l)  # moving turtle forward by 'l'
        roo.left(30)  # moving the turtle 30 degrees towards left
        draw(3 * l / 4)  # drawing a fractal on the left of the turtle object 'roo' with 3/4th of its length
        roo.right(60)  # moving the turtle 60 degrees towards right
        draw(3 * l / 4)  # drawing a fractal on the right of the turtle object 'roo' with 3/4th of its length
        roo.left(30)  # moving the turtle 30 degrees towards left
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)  # returning the turtle back to its original psition


draw(20)  # drawing 20 times

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor("magenta")  # magenta
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(20)

roo.left(270)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor("red")  # red
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(20)

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor('#FFF8DC')  # white
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(3 * l / 4)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(20)


########################################################

def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:

        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.pencolor("lightgreen")  # lightgreen
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(40)

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.pencolor("red")  # red
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(40)

roo.left(270)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.pencolor("yellow")  # yellow
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(40)

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.pencolor('#FFF8DC')  # white
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(4 * l / 5)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(3)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(40)


########################################################
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:

        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor("cyan")  # cyan
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(60)

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor("yellow")  # yellow
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(60)

roo.left(270)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor("magenta")  # magenta
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(60)

roo.right(90)
roo.speed(2000)


# recursion
def draw(l):
    if (l < 10):
        return
    else:
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.pencolor('#FFF8DC')  # white
        roo.forward(l)
        roo.left(30)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.right(60)
        draw(6 * l / 7)
        roo.left(30)
        roo.pensize(2)
        roo.backward(l)


draw(60)
wn.exitonclick()

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